07. Andrew Jackson (1829-1837)

Era of Good Feelings President (1815-1840)

Party: Democratic Republican – Jacksonian Democrat

Vice Presidents – John C. Calhoun (resigned for Senate seat 1832); Martin Van Buren


  • Eaton Affair forces Jackson to reorganize his cabinet over the premarital affair scandal surrounding his Secretary of War John Eaton with soon-to-be-widowed Peggy O’Neale: other cabinet wives scorn her for affair and Martin Van Buren (Secretary of State) resigns along with others to allow Jackson to reorganize things and get past the scandal
  • Second Bank of the United States
  • Formation of the Whig Party
  • White House opened to the general public
  • Vice President John C. Calhoun resigns over States’ Rights issues stemming from the Tariff of Abominations and retakes his old Senate seat for South Carolina
  • Calhoun’s South Carolina Exposition and Protest
  • Spoils System – “Throw their rascals out and put our rascals in”
  • South Carolina declares null and void the Tariff of 1828 and its subsequent revision (1832)
  • President Jackson sends reinforcement troops and supplies to South Carolina to force South Carolina to abide by Federal Law
  • Henry Clay’s Compromise Tariff of 1833 – gradual reduction of tariffs until 1842
  • Compromise allows the President of the United States to use army and navy forces to collect Federal tariff duties if needed
  • Specie Circular (all public land purchases to be in gold and silver) 1836


  • Indian Removal Act of 1830 forcibly relocates approximately 100,000 Native Americans from Georgia to the future Oklahoma
  • Cherokees, Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws, and Seminoles
  • k.a. “Trail of Tears”
  • Second attempt to purchase “Texas” for $500,000 in bribe money to be “judiciously applied”; Mexican authorities are outraged by the scheming being explored
  • Texas Revolution 1835-1836
  • Defeat at the Alamo [March 6, 1835]
  • Victory at San Jacinto [April 21, 1836]
  • Bureau of Indian Affairs established 1836