13. Millard Fillmore (1850-1853)

Party: Whig

Vice President – None appointed to the vacancy


  • Compromise of 1850 delayed the Civil War for about 10 years
  • Proposed by Daniel Webster, Henry Clay, and Stephen A. Douglas; opposed by John C. Calhoun
  • Slave-trading illegal in District of Columbia
  • California admitted as a free state
  • Remained of Mexican Cession to be organized as Utah and New Mexico territories
  • Slavery in these territories to be determined by Popular Sovereignty
  • Fugitive Slave Law makes it easier to recapture runaway slaves
  • Publication of Harriet Beecher Stowe’s melodramatic novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin in 1852
  • Portrayed slaves as human beings, a novel idea at the time
  • 300,000 best-seller in the United States; 7 million world-wide


  • Herbert Spencer uses the term “evolution” to explain nature in his work “The Development Hypothesis”
  • Cuba declares independence from Spain 1851
  • Napoleon III declared Emperor of new French Empire
  • Ratification of the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty