Richard Nixon

Richard Nixon

Summary: Our candidate is the greatest president of the 20th century. He single-handedly lost the faith of an entire country without even lifting a finger. He was the first and only president to resign from office. He was so caring of the people of the U.S. that instead of going through the expensive process of impeachment he would resign from office and save many tax payers money. For these heroic and selfless actions we have nominated former president Richard Nixon to be the person of the year in 2017.

P.O.T.Y. Award Nominee –

Richard M Nixon

            President Richard Nixon was born on January 9th, 1913 in Yorba Linda, California. He grew up as an outstanding student and got his first experience in politics while working for FDR’s Office of Price Administration. He then moved on to serve in the navy. After resigning from the navy in 1946 he ran for a seat in the House of Representatives. Then in 1952 he became the vice president of Dwight D. Eisenhower. While serving for 2 terms as vice president he was able to expand the office. From 1955-1957 Eisenhower had a series of health issues including a stroke and a heart attack. During this time, Nixon had to expand the power of the vice president to help push some of Eisenhower’s bills through congress. Then, after running since 1960, in 1969 he became the 37th President of the United States. Although he has a bad rap for the Watergate scandal he achieved some of the greatest feats of his time under his first Presidency.

            When Nixon took office, about 300 American soldiers were dying each week in Vietnam, and the war was very unpopular in the United States. The Johnson administration had agreed to suspend bombing in exchange for negotiations, but this agreement never fully took force. Nixon had concluded that the Vietnam War could not be won and he was determined to end the war quickly. He sought some arrangement which would permit American forces to withdraw, while leaving South Vietnam secure against attack.  His answer was to remove the United States from the war completely, he recalled all troops and ended the draft. 

At the end of 1967, Nixon told his family he planned to run for president a second time.   Throughout the campaign, Nixon portrayed himself as a figure of stability during a period of national unrest and upheaval.   His slogan of "Nixon's the One" proved to be effective.  Nixon defeated Hubert Humphrey by nearly 500,000 votes, with 301 electoral votes to 191 for Humphrey and 46 for George Wallace.  In his inaugural address, which received almost all positive reviews, Nixon remarked that "the greatest honor history can bestow is the title of peacemaker,” a phrase that would later be placed on his gravestone.

 His administration transferred power from Washington D.C. to the states.  He imposed wage and price controls for a period of ninety days, as he enforced desegregation of Southern schools and established the Environmental Protection Agency. Nixon was also in office when the Apollo 11 moon landing took place, which signaled the end of the moon race.

Nixon sought to ease harsh diplomatic relations caused by the Cold War.   In February 1972 Nixon and his wife landed in China. He sat with Mao for an hour talking about various issues and topics. Mao stated that he was impressed with Nixon, he considered Nixon forthright, unlike the leftists and the Soviets. This started the Sino-American relations that are still major to this day. In May 1972, Nixon arrived in Moscow to meet with Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev. Nixon engaged in intense negotiations with Brezhnev. From the negotiation came agreements for increased trade and two important arms control treaties: SALT 1, the first comprehensive limitation pact signed by the two superpowers, and the Anti- Ballistic Missile Treaty, which banned the development of systems designed to intercept incoming missiles. Nixon and Brezhnev proclaimed that a new era of "peaceful coexistence" was upon us. A banquet was held that evening at the Kremlin.

After the Watergate scandal and Nixon’s resignation, he went to live a regular civilian life. He wrote books (mainly about his life) and stated active in 3rd world countries. On April 18, 1994, while preparing to eat dinner in his Park Ridge, New Jersey home, a blood clot had formed in his upper heart, broken off, and traveled to his brain. He was taken to New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center in Manhattan, initially alert but unable to speak or to move his right arm or leg. Damage to the brain caused swelling, and Nixon slipped into a deep coma. He died at 9:08 p.m. on April 22, 1994. He was 81 years old.

 

 

 

Bibliography

"Richard Nixon." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 21 May 2017. Web. 24 May 2017.

"Richard Nixon." Biography.com. A&E Networks Television, 28 Apr. 2017. Web. 24 May 2017