01. George Washington (1789 - 1797)

Party: No Official Party Affiliation – sympathetic to Federalist Party policies

Vice President: John Adams – Federalist


  • Adoption of the Bill of Rights 1791 (first ten amendments)
  • Judiciary Act of 1789 establishes federal courts and attorney general
  • Establishment of the Bank of the United States
  • Hamiltonian Fiscal Policies
  • Assumption of State Debts from Revolution
  • Establishment “full faith and credit” of the United States by paying off domestic and foreign loans for Revolution
  • Centralized bank for unified currency, loans, and savings
  • Whiskey Rebellion (Pennsylvania farmers against 1791 federal tax on whiskey; first test of Federal enforcement power) 1794
  • Farewell Address 1796 warns America to avoid “permanent alliances”


  • Tariff of 1789 (revenue and protectionism)
  • Proclamation of Neutrality 1793 to keep America out of European wars
  • Jay Treaty with England (resolution of Treaty of Paris) 1794-95
  • Pinckney Treaty with Spain (free navigation of Mississippi) 1795
  • French Revolution
  • Storming of the Bastille 1789
  • Storming of the Tuileries 1792
  • Execution of Louis XVI 1793
  • Reign of Terror 1793 and Fall of Robespierre 1794
  • Failed insurrection of the sans-culottes 1795
  • The Directory 1795-1799
  • Genêt Affair 1793 saw French ambassador attempt to gain public support for the French Revolution; remains in America for fear of execution there