04. James Madison (1809 - 1817)

Party: Jeffersonian Republican

Vice Presidents – George Clinton; Elbridge Gerry

FIRST WAR-TIME PRESIDENT!

MAJOR DOMESTIC AFFAIRS:

  • Macon Act 1810 replaced Non-Intercourse Act during Napoleonic Wars
  • Hartford Convention 1814 of Federalists against Jeffersonians over the conduct of the war; secession contemplated by rejected for New England; seen as traitorous, ends the Federalist Party politically
  • “War Hawks” – Southern and Western leaders who wanted war with Great Britain by invading and conquering Canada (1810-1812)
  • Battle of Tippecanoe – Governor William Henry Harrison (future president of the United States) of Indiana Territory assaults the forces of Tecumseh and Tenskwatawa (The Prophet) [November 7, 1811]

 MAJOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS:

  • War of 1812 (a.k.a. “Second War for Independence”) [June 18, 1812]
  • S.S. Constitution defeats H.M.S. Guerrière
  • White House and other federal buildings burned by British
  • “Star Spangled Banner” – Francis Scott Key
  • Treaty of Ghent – mediated by Tsar Alexander I [December 24, 1814]
  • Battle of New Orleans – Andrew Jackson unaware of peace, crushes invading British forces [January 8, 1815]
  • Protective Tariff of 1816