02. John Adams (1791 - 1801)

Party: Federalist

Vice President – Thomas Jefferson – Democratic Republican

MAJOR DOMESTIC AFFAIRS:

  • Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions 1798: “compact” idea of Federalism
  • Alien and Sedition Acts 1798
  • Alien Friends Act (deportation of citizens of friendly nations)
  • Sedition Act (no resistance to Federal Laws or criticism of the national government)
  • Naturalization Act 1798 establishes 14 year residency requirement
  • Federal offices moved to new capitol, Washington, D.C.
  • John Marshall appointed Chief Justice of Supreme Court
  • Judiciary Act of 1801 and the “Midnight Judges” scandal
MAJOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS:
  • French Revolution
  • Coup d’etat of Napoleon Bonaparte 1799
  • Napoleonic Empire established
  • X Y Z Affair 1797 saw French bribery of American officials over treaty with France leads to naval conflict but not war with France