24. Grover Cleveland (1893-1897)

Nicknames: "Grover the Bad"

Party: Democrat

Vice President – Adlai E. Stevenson

 MAJOR DOMESTIC AFFAIRS:

  • Populist Party Platform of 1892 led by farmers who were suffering under the Gold Standard because of their debts and favored the increase of silver coinage as a way to revalue and ease debts – this would destroy Harrison’s shot at re-election and secure Cleveland’s return to the White House
  • Pullman Strike of the American Railway Union and the Pullman Palace Car Company over wage cuts and high rents in the company’s town for employees (Pullman, Illinois) was led by Eugene V. Debs into a national phenomenon; President Cleveland was forced to bring in federal troops to Chicago to break the strike [May 11 – July 20, 1894]
  • Supreme Court upholds the power of the Executive Branch to use an injunction to prohibit the interference of interstate trade 1895
  • American Federation of Labor
  • Growing Federal Deficit instead of a Surplus this time around

        MAJOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS:

  • Hawaiian Incident of 1893 saw the deposition of Queen Liliuokalani in a bloodless revolution led by Americans, securing the Republic of Hawaii under the presidency of pineapple grower Sanford Dole
  • Wilson-Gorman Tariff 1894
  • Venezuelan Boundary Affair 1895
  • Cuban Nationalists (los insurrectos) start an insurrection to gain independence 1895