21. Chester A. Arthur (1881 - 1885)

Party: Republican

Vice President – none appointed to vacancy

MAJOR DOMESTIC AFFAIRS:

  • Pendleton Civil Service Act of 1883 establishes a civil service commission and a testing system is set up for office seekers
  • White House renovated for pleasure of hosting foreign dignitaries
  • First skyscraper built in Chicago (10 stories tall) 1883

     MAJOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS:

  • Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 restricts Chinese immigrants for 10 years
  • “You can go to the white man’s heaven, but not his country”
  • German Chancellor Bismarck sets up Triple Alliance (Italy, Austria, and Germany) 1882