U1: The Constitution and Federalism

What signify a few lives lost in a century or two? The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants. It is its natural manure.

Thomas Jefferson

Be sure to visit the Course Calendar for nightly readings, upcoming due dates, etc. 

ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS

  1. What kind of government was established by the Constitution?
  2. What is the significance of Federalism, separation of powers and checks and balances? (The Madisonian Model)
  3. How did the historical climate, combined with the ideological and philosophical traditions of the Founding Fathers affect their decisions in Philadelphia?
  4. Why did James Madison fear factions?
  5. What were the reasons for the swift adoption of the Bill of Rights?
  6. What and how did key Supreme Court decisions define the concepts of federalism and separation of powers?
  7. How do a variety of theoretical perspectives such as democratic theory, theories of republican government, pluralism, and elitism help define the Constitution?

Key Terms (quizlet)

Chapter 1
  • Authority
  • Benefit
  • Bureaucratic View
  • Class View
  • Client Politics
  • Cost
  • Creedal Passion View
  • Democracy
  • Direct/Participatory Politics
  • Elite
  • Entrepreneurial Politics
  • Interest Group Politics
  • Legitimacy
  • Log-Rolling
  • Majoritarian Politics
  • Pluralist View
  • Policy Entrepreneurs
  • Political Agenda
  • Politics
  • Pork-Barrel Politics
  • Power
  • Power-Elite View
  • Representative Democracy
Chapter 2
  • Amendment
  • Antifederalist
  • Bill of Attainder
  • Coalition
  • Concurrent Powers
  • Enumerated Powers
  • Ex Post Facto Law
  • Faction
  • Federalism
  • Federalists
  • Great Compromise
  • Habeas Corpus
  • Judicial Review
  • Line-Item Veto
  • Natural Rights
  • New Jersey Plan
  • Republic
  • Reserved Powers
  • Shay's Rebellion
  • Unalienable Rights
  • Virginia Plan
Chapter 3
  • Block Grants
  • Categorical Grants
  • Confederation
  • Conditions of Aid
  • Devolution
  • Dual Federalism
  • Federal System
  • Grants-in-Aid
  • Initiative
  • Intergovernmental
  • Mandates
  • Necessary and Proper Clause
  • Nullification
  • Police Power
  • Recall
  • Referendum
  • Revenue Sharing
  • Sovereignty
  • Unitary System

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